Duties and Ethics
The Code of Ethics framed by the Indian Board Of
are as follows
Practitioners In General
1. A practitioner must always maintain the highest standards of
professional conduct towards both the individual and society.
practitioner must not allow himself to be influenced merely by motives
following practices are deemed unethical:
advertisement except such as is expressly authorized by the Code of
part in any plan of medical care in which the practitioner does not
have professional independence.
receive any funds in connection with services rendered to a patient
other than the acceptance of a proper professional fee or to recieve
any money in the same circumstances without the knowledge of the
patient, such as commissions, kick-backs and gifts.
4. Under no
circumstances is a practitioner permitted to do anything that would
weaken the physical or mental resistance of a human being, except for
strictly therapeutic or prophylactic indications imposed in the
interest of the patient.
practitioner is advised to use great caution in publishing
discoveries. The same applies to methods of treatment whose value is
not yet recognised by the profession at large.
6. When a
practitioner is called upon to give evidence in court on a legal
matter or issue a certificate, he should only state that which he can
verify; no hearsay should be included.
Duties of the
Practitioner to the Patient
practitioner must always bear in mind the importance of preserving all
life from the time of conception until death.
A practitioner owes to his patient complete loyalty and all the
resources of his therapy. Whenever an examination or treatment is
beyond his capacity, he should immediately summon another practitioner
who has the necessary ability.
A practitioner owes to his patient absolute secrecy on all events
which have been confided to him or which he knows because of the
confidence entrusted in him.
A practitioner must give the necessary treatment in an emergency,
unless he is assured that it can and will be given by another in due
Every patient has the right to expect a complete and thorough
examination of his disorder and that accurate records will be kept.
A practitioner should unceasingly, in the interests of his patients,
improve his knowledge and skill continuously.
Duties of Practitioners to Each Other
A practitioner ought to behave towards his colleagues to create mutual
A practitioner must not entice patients from his colleagues.
A practitioner must observe all the principles and guidelines laid
down by Indian Board of Alternative Medicines.
Practitioner and Commercial Undertakings
A general ethical principle is that a practitioner should not
associate himself with commerce in such a way as to let it
influence, or appear to influence, his attitude towards the treatment
of his patients.
Testimonials or laudatory certificates, whether for publication or
not, of any appliance or apparatus or dressing or any medicinal
preparation or any cosmetic or food should not be given by a
Practitioners should not sanction the quotation of an extract from any
publication or report for the purpose of trade except with the
authority of the Indian Board of Alternative Medicines.
practitioner should not attempt in any way to advertise himself except
by the legitimate means of proficiency in his work and by skill and
success in his practice.
It is unethical for a practitioner to insert any advertisement in the
public press or issue any card or circular relating to his profession
or the clinical practice except in the following circumstances:
(b) on changing his or her address
(c) on temporary absence from practice
(d) on resumption of practice
disposal of practice
succeeding to another practice
entering or retiring from a partnership
discontinuance of a colleague in a group practice
A medical journal advertisement must be simple and direct as possible.
Every advertisement shall be 'run on', without spacing and without
display. The type shall be that ordinarily used for articles. No more
space shall be given to the advertisement other than that required to
print it. Hours of consultation, address and telephone number may be
Letters of abbreviations indicating all other qualifications may be
added. A statement of speciality may be included only if that
speciality constitutes the practice of the healer for not less than
It is unethical for any practitioner to permit his name to be used in
any material relating to diseases or their treatment which is
published in the public press or broadcast by radio or television.
Approval may be given by the Indian Board of Alternative Medicines, on
application, to waive this rule when departure from anonymity is in
the public or professional interests.
No interview with a media reporter on subjects relating to diseases
and their treatment should be given by a practitioner except:
That the name or the practitioner interviewed should not be published
nor his identity revealed in any report published of the interview,
except with the approval of the Indian Board of Alternative Medicines
or an authorized organisation.
That, if possible, a copy of the report proposed to be published be
submitted for prior approval.
That the practitioner interviewed should not imply that he has
superior ability over other practitioners.
Public lectures or addresses to lay audiences may be given on
professional subjects in order to promote Alternative Medicines.
No practitioner except with the approval in writing of the Indian
Board of Alternative Medicines shall have his name plate affixed
else-where other than:
(a) at his
premises where he attends regularly for the purposes of treating his
Name plates shall be unostentatious in size, lettering and form, and
may bear the name, qualification and practice hours. A statement of
speciality may appear only if that speciality constitutes the sole
practice of the practitioner.
Practitioners may display the titles, after conferment, in addition to
their clinical qualifications.
practitioner's name may be removed from the Medical Register
maintained by the Board by reasons of conviction of an indictable
offence or infamous conduct in a professional respect.
The Indian Board of Alternative Medicines shall have the power to
expel from Registrationship any practitioner on the ground that his
conduct is deemed by the Board to be detrimental to the honour and or
is calculated to bring the profession or the Board into disrepute. Or
on the grounds that the practitioner has willfully and persistently
refused to comply with the Rules of the Board or the Articles or the
By-laws of the Board.
An expelled practitioner shall be liable to pay all sums due from him
to the Board at the time of his expulsion.
No canvassing for membership of any professional society is allowed.
This rule must be strictly followed at congresses and symposia.
subcommittee may be appointed to investigate any questions of ethics
which are brought to notice by the chairman.
Affiliated societies may make applications for recognition of their
teaching curricula, symposia and congresses organised by them. The
logo of the Board may only be used after obtaining written approval.
may arrange for free legal advice for all its practitioners who desire
or require such advice.